In the early 1970s, plane-hijackings and terrorist actions were directed against Israeli targets in Israel and abroad. The massacre of 11 Israeli athletes by Palestinian terrorists took place at Munich Olympics in 1972.
On October 6, 1973, the Egyptian and Syrian armies attacked Israeli forces in Sinai and the Golan Heights, starting the Yom Kippur War.
In 1975, the UN General Assembly passed a resolution declaring that Zionism equals racism, which was torn up by Israeli Ambassador to the UN Chaim Herzog, the future president of Israel. Israel and Zionism were under attack in all UN conferences and other international forums.
The early 1970s also witnessed the first large wave of Soviet Jewish immigration, marking the success of the Let My People Go campaign for the Jews of Silence.
In 1976, the heroic IDF Entebbe Operation rescuing hijacked passengers in Uganda captured the imagination of the world.
An Israeli-Egyptian Peace Treaty was signed in 1979, and Sinai was returned to Egypt.
1970- WIZO marks its 50th anniversary at the 16th World WIZO Conference.
Raya Jaglom is elected the 3rd President of World WIZO.
WIZO begins activities in Air Force bases with clubs for Air Force wives and women serving in the corps.
1971- The first annual WIZO summer camps are organized in WIZO institutions for 5,000 children from development towns, border settlements and deprived neighborhoods.
1972- Knesset passes Alimony Law at the initiative of WIZO Israel’s Department for the Status of Women.
WIZO Neri Bloomfield College of Design and Teacher Training, Haifa, sponsored by Hadassah-WIZO Canada opens with four tracks:
- Photography, graphics and interior design;
- School of Education for Training Teachers;
- Advanced study and qualifying courses for teachers;
- Vocational retraining for new immigrants.
First International Aviv Seminar in Israel is organized by Rachel Limon, Head of the World WIZO Organization Department, to educate future leadership for WIZO and Jewish communities around the world.
1973- During the Yom Kippur War, all WIZO centers are turned into civil defense bases.
Members volunteer assistance to soldiers and their families.
Beit Heuss becomes branch of Tel Hashomer Hospital for the rehabilitation of wounded IDF soldiers who lost limbs.
WIZO Israel’s Department for Bridging the Social Gap, today the Department for
Family and Community Welfare, opens led by Rachel Ben-Ezer.
1974- WIZO branches are opened in new civilian settlements (previously Nahal military outposts) in Sinai and the Golan Heights.Keren Hachavera (Members Loan Fund) set up at the initiative of Rachel Kagan.
1975- Jerusalem Baby Home, sponsored by British WIZO, expands its activities, becoming a family center and adding a vocational school for girls.
WIZO sends a large delegation to the UN Women’s Year Conference in Mexico, which struggles against anti-Zionist tendencies.
First WIZO clubs for Druze women opened in the villages of Daliat Al-Carmel and Peki’in.
1976- WIZO’s first center beyond the Green Line opens in Hamra in the Jordan Valley, eventually named in honor of WIZO Israel Chairperson Hanna Levin.
Israel Prize for life’s work in volunteering is awarded on Israeli Independence Day to WIZO Metulla Chairperson Esther Levit.
1979- WIZO Immigrant Absorption Department initiates annual competition for school children: “I Befriended an Immigrant Child.” Prize-award ceremony held at the Knesset.